Micro CHP – Combined Heat & Power
This is a way of generating heat which will simultaneously generate electricity from the same fuel (typically gas) in the home.
You save money because you use the same fuel to generate electricity as you do to heat your home – and it qualifies for the Feed-In Tariff.
CHP stands for Combined Heat and Power. Until recently only large scale systems have been possible, but now there are systems that can replace a conventional home boiler. This is often referred to as Micro CHP. Large scale systems generate electricity and in doing so produce heat as a by-product. Micro CHP systems work in the opposite way – they generate heat and electricity is generated as a by-product. Micro CHP systems are very similar to boilers – the only difference is that they have the added capacity to generate electricity. They need to be fuelled either by gas or LPG (Liquid Petroleum Gas). There is only one type of micro CHP system available currently, which is known as the Stirling engine. The Stirling engine produces heat and electricity at a ratio of 6:1.
Micro CHP systems are particularly suited to older, larger homes where solid wall insulation isn’t financially viable. This is because the more heat they generate, the more electricity they generate and therefore the more they save you on your bill if you are producing the heat anyway. In a house like this, a micro CHP system can save you 5%-10% on your electricity bill, with an average saving of £60 a year.
Micro CHP systems are also eligible to receive payments for generating electricity under the Feed-In Tariff scheme for the first 30,000 installations. Under current tariff rates you can be paid 12.89p per unit of electricity (kWh) generated, adding up to an average payment of £180 a year. You can also be paid for the electricity you generate but don’t use as you can export it to the Grid. The current export tariff rate is 4.64p/kWh, adding to £30 a year on average. You are paid these payments at a fixed rate linked to inflation for 10 years. For more information on the FIT, visit our FIT page.
If you can’t afford to pay the installation costs for a Micro CHP system upfront you can get a loan for the costs through the Green Deal scheme. This government scheme gives loans for green home improvements that are paid back through the homeowner’s energy bills. The saving you make on your monthly bill by using the technology should be more than the payment amount. For more information on the Green Deal visit our Green Deal page.
- Are micro CHP boilers suitable for all types of homes?
- In principle, they are, and as the technology is becoming more prevalent there will be more choice from manufacturers to suit various homes better.
- Where can my micro CHP boiler be installed?
- The restrictions are no different to those for a normal boiler. The micro CHP boiler will generally be fitted where your old central heating boiler was. You will need to connect the micro CHP unit to the electricity supply in your house.
- Will the unit use less gas than a high-performance boiler?
- By using the micro CHP boiler, gas consumption will increase a little despite waste heat being used to generate the electricity. However, on balance you will still save energy, as you can generate a significant amount of electrcity suing the system.
- What is the central heating output of a micro CHP boiler?
- A typical unit will have a total central heating output of approximately 24 kW, similar to a standard boiler.
- What can I use the electricity produced by a micro CHP for?
- Anything you like; most domestic systems produces around 1kW of electricity per hour when running, which can power most of your home's energy needs, from your lights and fridge/freezer to your phone and TV.
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