How does Micro CHP work?

Combined Heat and Power (CHP) systems are highly efficient, making use of the heat generated by your heating system. This produces electricity for your home that would otherwise require you to burn additional fuel, thus saving energy and money!

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Micro CHP systems contain a condensing boiler that heats water for your hot water and heating needs. Most domestic micro CHP systems will have two burners, one small (engine burner) and one large (supplementary burner).

Technical information made simple

There are 3 main micro-CHP technologies, and the main one in use today in a domestic setting is the Stirling engine. The others, Internal Combustion engine and Fuel Cell, are still being developed for use in domestic environments and are not very common today.

Stirling Engine micro-CHP is relatively new to the market and is being installed in homes in the UK. The technology was pioneering in the 19th Centenary by Robert Stirling and relies on the expansion and contraction of heated and cooled gas to drive a piston which in turn drives a generator to produce electricity. The gases are heated by steam produced by the Micro CHP’s condensing boiler as it heats the water. Stirling engines are both efficient and quiet. A standard Stirling engine can meet around half of an average home’s electricity needs. To maximise efficiency, it’s essential you choose the right sized system for your house – too large and you won’t use the system enough to generate much electricity.

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Installation

Micro CHP systems are designed to be able to replace your existing boiler and are of an equivalent size, but will need to have an electricity connection. It must be fitted by an accredited installer to qualify for the Government’s finance schemes.

Find out more about the Installation of Micro CHP here.

FAQs

Where can my micro CHP boiler be installed?
The restrictions are no different to those for a normal boiler. The micro CHP boiler will generally be fitted where your old central heating boiler was. You will need to connect the micro CHP unit to the electricity supply in your house.
Are micro CHP boilers easy to install?
Yes, installation is comparable to that of a high-performance boiler.
How big are micro CHP boilers?
Typical CHP boilers are now comparable in size to most domestic boilers on the market.
Can my home be disconnected from the National grid if I use a micro CHP unit?
No, the house will need to remain connected to the main supply - the unit won't be able to meet all of your electricity needs. As the micro CHP boiler is a gas-fired boiler, the gas connection must also remain in place.
What happens to the electricity that is generated by a micro CHP boiler that I don't use?
Surplus electricity is returned to the electricity grid. You can receive payments for this electricity through the Feed-In Tariff scheme if your installation is carried out by an MCS certified installer - find out more about this on our Feed-In Tariff pages.
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